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Yet in times of crisis — when the normal process of science fails to meet our needs — the answers to these questions provide tools that can help.
A related but distinct debate concerns the public policy response to climate change, which uses the findings produced by climate scientists and other experts.
had shown, however, only an infinite number of such confirming results could prove the theory correct.
Popper argued instead that hypotheses are deductively validated by what he called the “falsifiability criterion.” Under this method, a scientist seeks to discover an observed exception to his postulated rule.
Additionally, Peter Medawar, John Eccles and Hermann Bondi are amongst the distinguished scientists who have acknowledged their intellectual indebtedness to his work, the latter declaring that “There is no more to science than its method, and there is no more to its method than Popper has said.” Karl Raimund Popper was born on 28 July 1902 in Vienna, which at that time could make some claim to be the cultural epicentre of the western world.
So, if we find out that one method proved successful on several occasions, we may want to mainstream it.Summary: Many factors have frozen the public policy debate, but none more important than the disinterest of both sides in tests that might provide better evidence — and perhaps restart the discussion.Even worse, too little thought has been given to the criteria for validating climate science theories (aka their paradigm) and the models build upon them.It was the opening session of a three-day workshop, held in a Romanesque-style lecture hall at Ludwig Maximilian University (LMU Munich) one year after George Ellis and Joe Silk, two white-haired physicists now sitting in the front row, called for such a conference in an incendiary opinion piece in .One hundred attendees had descended on a land with a celebrated tradition in both physics and the philosophy of science to wage what Ellis and Silk declared a “battle for the heart and soul of physics.” The crisis, as Ellis and Silk tell it, is the wildly speculative nature of modern physics theories, which they say reflects a dangerous departure from the scientific method.
Climate scientists publish little about about the nature of climate science theories. Must theories be falsifiable, and if so, what does that mean?